exida explains Blog

Entries tagged with: Todd Stauffer

Alarm Management and the Great American Solar Eclipse

Alarm Management and the Great American Solar Eclipse

Throughout history, total solar eclipses have been a significant event. In primitive societies, eclipses were viewed with fear or as important omens. In the US, the upcoming “Great American Solar Eclipse” is creating much excitement. From buying “official” eclipse-viewing glasses, to paying $1500 or more…

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Alarm Management Goes Global with the Release of IEC 62682!

Alarm Management Goes Global with the Release of IEC 62682!

Alarm Rationalization: Alarm Objective Analysis (AOA)

Todd Stauffer, Director of Alarm Management at exida, takes you through a key part of the Alarm Rationalization process called Alarm Objective Analysis (AOA).

You will learn how to determine what alarms you need (and which one’s you don’t), how to eliminate nuisance alarms, and safely reduce the number…

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Alarm Response Procedures: More than Just a Good Idea

Alarm Response Procedures: More than Just a Good Idea

From an operations point of view, one of the significant parts of the ISA-18.2 and IEC 62682 alarm management standards is the endorsement of alarm response procedures. An alarm response procedure, otherwise known as “Alarm Help” or “Alarm Response Manual”, is defined as guidance for response to an alarm (e.g., operator…

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Bad Actor Knockdown: The “Whac-A-Mole” of Alarm Management?

Bad Actor Knockdown: The “Whac-A-Mole” of Alarm Management?

Bow Ties Part I: Great for Formal Occasions and for Risk Management

Bow Ties Part I: Great for Formal Occasions and for Risk Management

The bow tie methodology, originally developed by ICI in the late 1970’s, has seen increasing industry adoption over the last 20 years. Bow tie diagrams build on the “Swiss Cheese Model” of hazard escalation and causation popularized by James Reason. They provide a powerful means for visualizing how a…

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Bow Ties Part II: Do Bow Ties have a place in Alarm Management?

Bow Ties Part II: Do Bow Ties have a place in Alarm Management?

As discussed in Part I, bow tie diagrams provide an easy-to-understand visual representation of risk management information (hazards, potential consequences, barriers, degradation factors and controls). In this article we examine the applicability of bow ties to alarm management.

According to the CCPS book “Bow Ties in Risk Management”,…

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CSB Cites Lack of Alarm Management as Contributing Factors to Blowout in Oklahoma

CSB Cites Lack of Alarm Management as Contributing Factors to Blowout in Oklahoma

Delivering Situation Awareness During an Alarm Flood: Throw Your Operators a Lifeline

Delivering Situation Awareness During an Alarm Flood: Throw Your Operators a Lifeline

Alarm floods are periods of alarm activity during which the alarm rate is greater than the operator can effectively manage (e.g., when the operator receives ≥10 alarms in 10 minutes). During a flood situation awareness is compromised and alarms are likely to be missed. In the eleven minutes prior to the explosion…

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Don’t Let Your Safe Operating Limits Leave You S-O-L (Out of Luck)

Don’t Let Your Safe Operating Limits Leave You S-O-L (Out of Luck)

As the name implies, the purpose of Safe Operating Limits (SOL) is to define the limits beyond which a process will not intentionally be operated and at which troubleshooting ceases, replaced by pre-determined actions to bring the process to a safe state. Pretty important information. I am sure this is…

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Evaluating Alarm System Performance in a Multi-Operator Control Room

Evaluating Alarm System Performance in a Multi-Operator Control Room

Situation: There are three operator consoles (positions) in the same control room. There is one general alarm horn that goes off whenever a new alarm comes in from any one of the three consoles. The horn draws the attention of each of the three operators.

Question: How are the…

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exida Cyber Blog Series 04 - Cybersecurity Metrics, Diagnostics, and Alarms: What’s What?

exida Cyber Blog Series 04 - Cybersecurity Metrics, Diagnostics, and Alarms: What’s What?

Co-written by Todd Stauffer, Director of Alarm Management Services at exida

A wise man once said, “You can’t manage what you don’t measure.” Let's apply this to the world of cybersecurity to discuss the importance of cybersecurity metrics and how they are different from a cyber diagnostic and a…

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Grasping the Power of the (Stuxnet) Virus (or What I did during the COVID-19 Pandemic)

Grasping the Power of the (Stuxnet) Virus (or What I did during the COVID-19 Pandemic)

The travel and group meeting restrictions from COVID-19 have allowed me to catch up on some reading about viruses; not the type that get transmitted to humans. This article is about the Stuxnet virus and what I learned from the book “Countdown to Zero Day: Stuxnet and the Launch of…

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Help Your Operators Defeat the Situation Awareness Demons!

Help Your Operators Defeat the Situation Awareness Demons!

Contrary to what you might have guessed, the “Defeat of the Situation Awareness Demons” is not a new video game on XBOX or Playstation. It is a set of eight (8) factors which undermine effective Situation Awareness. It can be applied to operators in process plants to characterize human…

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How do You Compare?

Industry Benchmark Survey on Alarms as Safeguards and Independent Protection Layers (IPLs)

exida recently conducted an industry benchmark survey on the practices for the use of alarms as safeguards and IPLs. With over 200 safety practitioners from around the world providing responses, you can use the survey findings to…

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How to become a world-class expert (the 10,000 hour rule)

How to become a world-class expert (the 10,000 hour rule)

In the book “Outliers”, Malcolm Gladwell popularized the notion that to become an expert in a field requires putting in 10,000 hours of practice.

The emerging picture from studies of expertise is that ten thousand hours of practice is required to reach the level of mastery associated with being…

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Human Factors in Alarm Management

Human Factors in Alarm Management

Question:

Which one of these layers of protection (operator response to alarm, relief valves, dikes, and safety instrumented systems) is not like the other? 

Answer:

Operator response to alarm (Operator Intervention), because of the “Human” factor.

It is very difficult to calculate the probability…

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Know Your Human Error (Part I)

Know Your Human Error (Part I)

Increases in levels of automation and system complexity impact human error. Medical errors in hospitals and clinics result in approximately 100,000 people dying each year and cost the healthcare industry between $4B – $20B each year. In the petrochemical industries, operational error can cost upwards of $80M per incident. “Operator error”…

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Know Your Human Error (Part II)

Know Your Human Error (Part II)

 

“…there is a belief amongst many engineers and managers that human error is both inevitable and unpredictable. 

However, human error is inevitable only if people are placed in situations that emphasize human weaknesses and that do not support human strengths”

Martin Anderson, IChemE Safety and Loss Prevention…

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Know Your Value

Typically a person’s salary reflects the value of their skillset and the importance of their role to their company. If that’s TRUE, then there is some good news for safety practitioners. A recent salary survey conducted by ISA and published in InTech magazine benchmarked the average salary…

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