exida explains Blog

Dreaming of a Better Tomorrow?

Dreaming of a Better Tomorrow?

When I was a kid, I liked watching the Jetsons.  I felt certain that by the year 2000 we’d all be enjoying those flying saucers and futuristic homes.  Imagine my disappointment that in 2018 we still drive on 4 wheels… and my home cannot elevate itself above bad weather……

Read More...

Functional Safety Assessment of Valve Assemblies  (Part 1)

Functional Safety Assessment of Valve Assemblies (Part 1)

In this blog series, I will cover the emerging trends in the valve assembly market, how these trends relate to the IEC 61511 requirements, and what's in a final element. When you look at the different devices that go into some of these safety systems, the final element becomes…

Read More...

Fake Fact: Final Elements should not be included in SIF evaluation

Fake Fact: Final Elements should not be included in SIF evaluation

Ehh… If your safety action is stopping flow/closing a valve, how are you going to accomplish this if you consider that the remote actuated valve is not part of your SIF ?

So, what is this myth based on? The title of IEC 61508 reads “Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable…

Read More...

You want what??  You want it when??

You want what??  You want it when??

Estimating time and cost for a project, or even part of a project, can be tricky.  Breaking down the tasks into subparts must be done or you don’t stand a chance.  Given enough time, you can develop an accurate estimate and put a good plan in place.  But sometimes…

Read More...

Software Metrics

Software Metrics

Both IEC 61508 and ISO 26262 highly recommend a modular approach to software development. One question that comes up regularly asks if there are quantitative targets for determining whether sufficient progress has been achieved by software engineers.

IEC 61508-3 Table B.9 Modular approach

Read More...

What Managers Need To Know About Functional Safety

What Managers Need To Know About Functional Safety

If you’re a manager in the process industries then you should be familiar with the concept of Functional Safety and the need to have well defined processes and procedures in place.  If not, then how else will you be able to ensure that your Safety Instrumented System and plant…

Read More...

Frequently asked questions about ANSI/CSA 22.2  No. 336 for Robotic Engineers

Frequently asked questions about ANSI/CSA 22.2 No. 336 for Robotic Engineers

On January 5th CSA Group published the first edition of particular requirements for rechargeable battery-operated commercial robotic floor treatment machines with traction drives.  CSA 22.2 - 336 is a National Standard of Canada.

Why Should I Care?

If you are a robotics engineer working for a company planning to…

Read More...

Why is Safety Certification So Tough?

Why is Safety Certification So Tough?

Some organizations complain about the ‘high bar’ to comply with 61508.  They complain that there is too much overhead in documentation and testing, and it all costs too much.  Other organizations actually benefit from this ‘high bar’ as a barrier to entry for competitors.  This is a differentiation factor…

Read More...

The Undetected Detective; PVST

The Undetected Detective; PVST

Have you ever wondered why some dangerous failures are classified as undetected and others are classified as detective?  Aren’t dangerous failures all dangerous? Why do we classify them differently?

Let's say we have a plant that is running in normal operation mode and the system needs to trip. The…

Read More...

Human Factors in Alarm Management

Human Factors in Alarm Management

Question:

Which one of these layers of protection (operator response to alarm, relief valves, dikes, and safety instrumented systems) is not like the other? 

Answer:

Operator response to alarm (Operator Intervention), because of the “Human” factor.

It is very difficult to calculate the probability…

Read More...

What do you need to know about traceability for IEC 61508?

What do you need to know about traceability for IEC 61508?

Traceability is about connecting the dots to determine that the web of activities for a functional safety project have followed the proper paths.  Think of it like cheating at hide-n-seek; it provides a shortcut to find all those requirements and design parts that are hidden in your specification documents. …

Read More...

Random versus Systematic Faults: What’s the difference?

Random versus Systematic Faults: What’s the difference?

I saw and responded to a LinkedIn discussion on this very issue, where someone had asked “if I have a misaligned limit switch that fails dangerously, then is it random or systematic? “.  This is an intriguing question because many view human error as being systematic and, whereas, this…

Read More...

Contractor Cybersecurity Training - Why Do You Need It?

Contractor Cybersecurity Training - Why Do You Need It?

Today, we are going to talk a little bit about Contractor Cyber Training.  What's in a good contractor cyber training course?  Why do you need one?  Why aren't policies, practices, and contract language enough?

Today's operators of industrial production facilities frequently utilize contract…

Read More...

Why Proof Test Coverage Is So Important For A SIF to Achieve Its Target SIL?

Why Proof Test Coverage Is So Important For A SIF to Achieve Its Target SIL?

This is a question I often get asked when I’m teaching our FSE100 course on Functional Safety, when we discuss the purpose of Proof Testing and coverage.  It’s amazing how many end users assume perfect proof testing (i.e. 100% coverage), that is capable of finding, all the…

Read More...

Alarm Management and the Great American Solar Eclipse

Alarm Management and the Great American Solar Eclipse

Throughout history, total solar eclipses have been a significant event. In primitive societies, eclipses were viewed with fear or as important omens. In the US, the upcoming “Great American Solar Eclipse” is creating much excitement. From buying “official” eclipse-viewing glasses, to paying $1500 or more…

Read More...

© 2000 - 2018 exida.com LLC